About A Greener Borneo

Borneo, an island blessed with astounding ecological richness. She is also recognized as one of the most significant centres of biodiversity in the world. A home to 10 primate speices, over 350 bird species, 150 reptiles and amphibians (WWF, 2005) and 15,000 known species of plants (McKinnon, 1997; Schilthuizen, 2006), Charles Darwin once described Borneo as “one great wild, untidy, luxuriant hothouse, made by nature for herself”.

Situated in the beautiful island of Borneo, Sabah is richly blessed with nature diversity with scenic rural areas as the hallmark of tourism in Sabah. Sabah is known for :

  • One of the tallest mountains in South East Asia – Mount Kinabalu located in Kinabalu Park which has been declared as Malaysia’s first World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000.
  • Largest RAMSAR site in Malaysia – Kinabatangan
  • The world’s largest flower – Rafflesia which can grow up to 90cm in diameter.
  • Proposed world heritage sites : Maliau Basin, Danum Valley and Imbak Canyon (DaMaI).
  • Wildlife Sanctuary/Parks/Reserves: Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary, Tabin Wildlife Reserve, Crocker Range Park, Kinabalu National Park, Tun Abdul Rahman Park, Tun Sakaran Marine Park, Turtle Islands Park.
  • The types of ecologies you will find in Sabah are rainforest, mangrove, alpine, montane and heath.

59 % of Sabah is covered by forest

As of now, about 1.3million hectare or about 20 percent of the state total land area has been gazetted as Total Protected Area (Class I Forest Reserves, State Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Virgin Jungle Reserves) (refer map below). This is an achievement that even exceeds the standard set by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which is 10percent.
The road to conservation:

  • The 9th Malaysia Plan – Sabah Forestry Department carried out activities in nine (9) forest reserves i.e Bukit Taviu, Ulu Telupid, Tawai, Lipaso, Bidu-Bidu, Bukit Kuamas, Gunung Lumaku, Milian-Labau and Bukit Hampuan. Activities such as, wildlife monitoring and enforcement, collecting social baseline data of the said area and to carry out awareness program on Heart of Borneo.
  • The 10th Malaysia Plan – Sabah Forestry Department is continuing efforts on capacity building on wildlife monitoring as well as seeking possible options for sustainable financing to support Heart of Borneo implementations.

Sustainability : (source, Sabah Heart of Borneo, Conservation in Action booklet)

  • To fix the forests through restoring and rebuilding the productive capacity of the forests which is vital for the revival of the economic sustainability of the forests.
  • To rationalize forest landuse taking into account the ecological functionalitities and social needs, and
  •  To further develop and capitalize the ecosystem services provided by the forests and the biodiversity within in search of sustainable financing.

Did You Know

The Biggest pitcher plant in the World

Nepenthes rajah can be found in Mount Kinabalu, Sabah is the biggest pitcher plant in the world can be filled with 2 liters of water which is about 8 cups of coffee.

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